Types of swords

The sword has been one of the most iconic weapons in history. No one can deny that it has roots reaching back to at least the Stone Age, and all across various cultures, swords were created, used, and traded for millennia. 

The first swords were probably made from stone or wood smithing techniques and later evolved into more complex designs with a fuller blade. However because there are so many types of swords throughout history it is hard to name which was actually the best sword as each type served an important role in military strategy. If you are looking for some swords for sale to add a few into your arsenal. We have a few suggestions. Here are some of the best ones for every swordsman to practice the art of swordsmanship!

1. Bronze Swords

When people think of swords, they often picture a heavy weapon made of metal with a sharpened edge. Bronze swords are different from that. They aren't made of metal, but rather found in various types of stone and clay. They were used thousands of years ago by warriors and the wealthy as status-symbols and forms of decoration; they were one-of-a-kind objects with no mass production.

A bronze sword is essentially a sharpened piece of stone or clay that is ground down to a point, then attached to a handle. The earliest forms found are from Africa, dating back to the 1st century BC. They were made like large daggers and had minimal decoration. Modern ninja swords are being made of bronze as well. They were not primarily created as weapons but instead used as status symbols and tokens of wealth.

2. Celtic Swords

Celtic swords are the type of long, heavy swords which were often used in the Bronze Age and Iron Age by Iron Age Celtic warriors. These swords had a broad blade with a single-edged point and typically a handguard running along its entire length.

These types of swords have various uses and they were also popular among the people who were mostly involved in fights and wars. These have broad blades which are ideal for fighting. They used their sharp pointed blades to push out their opponent.

3. Medieval Swords

The term "medieval swords" refers to the type of swords used from the 5th-20th centuries, a time sometimes known as the Middle Ages. It can be difficult to define them more precisely than this because different kingdoms in Europe had their own variations and types of swords. In general, they could be classified by shapes. 

One broad category is single-edged swords with a sharp point at one end and a flat surface at the other for use on both offense and defense. It was common for these to be straight in profile with few curves (rather than curved like modern sabers). Most medieval swords were full tang swords. Their blades went up to the top of the handles. These swords were large, heavy and were too sturdy. 

Medieval swords

4. Gladius

Gladius is a Latin word for "sword", and the term is used to describe any kind of sword. There are three main types of gladii: i) a short Roman sword, which was often paired with an equally short shield called an arcum, which was designed to cover the user's legs; ii) the pilum, or javelin; and iii) the spatha, or long sword.

In ancient Rome, such swords were used by soldiers in close-quarter combat. These were one of the most important factors of their body armor. They could be wielded as slashing weapons or thrusting ones against armor. These roman soldiers were mainly known for their gladius. 

5. Claymore

Claymore swords are a type of sword composed predominantly of iron, but with a high carbon content to allow it to remain flexible and resist corrosion. Assembled in this manner, the blades are mounted on a long, wooden handle that is reinforced with metal bands. 

The claymore has been around since at least the 16th century and has been employed as both a thrusting and cutting weapon. It was used extensively by the Scottish Highlanders for whom it was designed, who preferred their broadswords as thrusting weapons; however, as its name suggests, it could also cut down opponents in close combat.

Claymore sword

6. Cutlass

The term 'cutlass' can refer to a sword carried by pirates. A cutlass is typically shorter than other types of swords used in naval warfare, and it is easily wielded with one hand due to its curved blade. Its long muzzle protects the hand of the user when slashing at an opponent's neck or face. 

A cutlass differs from other types of swords because it has a short, wide hilt that fits close to the wrist and a curved blade which can be used for cutting or thrusting at opponents. This type of sword was originally developed for European naval use before being adapted for marine combat by Caribbean pirates in the 17th century.

7. Rapier

A rapier is an elegant, thrusting blade weapon from the 16th century. It was initially designed for use with one hand or in conjunction with a  so-called "walking stick" (a type of cane), though it could also be wielded by both hands when fighting multiple opponents. You can find such swords in anime. Anime swords though look different from real swords, they are replicas in fact. You can find your desired ones from the market if you are a fan of an anime sword. 

Rapiers were typically short and narrow, but eventually evolved into more useful forms of swords. Rapiers are usually characterized by their ornate hilt and intricate guard. The weapons often had special guards that prevented the blade from being struck easily and helped protect the wielder's hands.

8. Viking Swords

The viking sword was a weapon used by the vikings during the Viking Age. The more than 30-centimeter-long sword has an iron or steel blade and a wooden grip, with a Norse pattern hilt. 

These types of swords were designed to penetrate mail armor and cut through bone, increasing the speed of thrusting attacks. Some experts estimate that there were about 10,000 swords in use at one time during the Viking Age.

Viking swords were primarily used as military weapons, but they could also be used as tools for hunting or killing animals that are dangerous to catch such as bears and wild boar with their tusks or wolves with their sharp teeth.

9. Broadswords

Broadswords are sword-like weapons that were used in Europe during the Renaissance. They can be single-handed or two-handed and are typically quite heavy and wide. 

The blades of these swords need to be extremely durable because they were not meant for slicing like a rapier would, but rather for hacking and chopping as an unsubtle means of killing an armored opponent by crushing their armor or impaling them on the blade.


10. Longswords

The longsword is a type of European sword in use from the 11th to the late 14th century, with one of its later uses being in the hands of Scottish soldiers at the Battle of Bannockburn. It was developed as a longer and heavier variant of the earlier arming sword which had begun to be popularized by 10th-century wielding techniques. Samurai swords were long as well. If you are a fan of the samurai warriors, explore the collection of samurai swords for sale and add some of the katana in your collection of bladed weapons. 

Also Read: Most Expensive Samurai Swords

Longswords were particularly widespread in Germany and Scandinavia, but they extend into other parts of Europe, possibly because they are documented both there and throughout Eurasia. The blade was mostly between 193 to 234 cm (just over 8 feet) long, usually weighing 2 pounds or more.

11. Swiss Sabers

They are canteen or cooking utensils consisting of a straight-bladed, single-edged cutting edge that is sharpened on one or both sides of the blade. The saber point is typically curved upwards from the wrist when held by a right-handed person and curves slightly downwards to meet the blade tip when held by a left-handed person.

Swiss sabers come in various lengths, shapes and designs. They are used primarily as kitchen implements, but can also be used as weapons in certain situations (such as an improvised weapon). Swiss army knives consist of small blades that fold out of the handle for utility purposes.

12. Fencing Swords

Fencing swords are a type of sword used in fencing. Along with the basic variations of blade, guards and pommels, there are also specialized types of blades (such as saber, foil and épée) designed for different types of attack styles.

The history of these types of swords has changed depending on the country. In France, dueling with sharp weapons was outlawed; therefore swords were modified to dull the blade for practice purposes (or "en garde manié"). This became known as l'arme blanche or armes blanches ("white arms").

Importance of Swords Throughout History

A sword is a weapon with a long and distinguished history that has been used for warfare, hunting and self defense all over the world. Throughout human history swords have been in use by men, women and children alike. 

They were even used as tools which helped people as they farmed their crops. Modern day warriors still take pride in owning swords that have passed down through generations of their family. The more you know about weapons such as swords the more knowledgeable you become about history.

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